Autism Facts

Autism is a severe and pervasive developmental condition.  The causes of autism remain uncertain but research points to a strong genetic link combined with environmental factors. It is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning and normal development of the brain. Most of the public, including many professionals in  medical, educational, and vocational fields are still unaware of how autism affects people and how to effectively work with individuals with autism.

3 specific areas of difficulty – Triad of Impairment

It is a hidden ‘disability’ – people with autism are usually no different in appearance from other people.  This can affect their benefits and their level of tolerance from society.

It is now believed to affect as many as 1 in 100

4 times more common in males than females – currently under review, see NAS website

It is a serious & disabling lifelong condition but getting appropriate help and support from people who understand can make a significant difference.

Individuals with autism vary widely

There can be a degree of sensory dysfunction people with autism may experience acute sensitivity to sound, taste or texture of food, smell, touch or sensations caused by light or colour. These unpleasant sensations can cause unexplained and challenging reactions.

There are often other associated difficulties i.e. learning difficulties, epilepsy, ADHD, severe delay.

There can be a lack of Theory of Mind – there can be difficulty in understanding that others have thoughts that are different to theirs.

Two thirds of adults with AS do not get the support they need

It must be remembered that individuals with autism vary widely in the way that their autism affects them.  No one’s autism is the same.